Recognize the Options for Choosing Diabetes Medications

Do you ever wonder how your physician chooses an appropriate medication for you? Do you feel overwhelmed the particular sheer number of obtainable medications? These tips will help you understand the choices that are available. In subsequent articles, there will be more information about each class of substance. health jade

While there are hundreds of medications and combinations of medications available, increasing your seven different classes of medication. Each class works in another way to. Your physician uses his knowledge about you as well while your specific type of diabetes to with if you need any medication, and if so, which class to use. The real key chooses a medication from that class. If you require medication from more than one class he may choose to prescribe more than a single medication or a combination pill which has two or more medications contained inside of it. This article will gives a brief overview of the classes of medications and how they work.

1.) The oldest class of prescription medication is the sulfonylureas. Until the mid-1990s, this was the only class of oral medications available. Your body must be competent at produce insulin strategy to for these with regard to beneficial, as they work by stimulating the beta cells of the pancreas to secrete insulin. Some examples of the first generation of these medications are: Tolbutamide (orinase), Tolinase (tolazamide), and Diabinese (chlorpropamide). Some of the next generation medications are: Glipizide (glucatrol), extended release Glipizide (glucatrol XL), Glyburide (Micronase, Diabeta), Glynase (micronized glyburide), and Glimepiride. These medications are distinguished by just how long they last as body, and whether or not they are cleared through kidney or the liver. There are two other drugs in this class: Prandin and Starlix, which can be utilized before meals purely because they last for a very short time.

2.) The biguanide class has just one medication, called Metformin. Other names are Fortamet, Glucophage, Gluymetza, and Riomet. Medicines works by decreasing glucose production in the liver, and what’s more, it causes a small increase in glucose uptake by skeletal muscle. If there are no contraindications, the American Diabetes Association and also the American college of clinical endocrinologists recommends using prescription drugs first.

3.) In the mid-1990s, the Thiazolidinedione class of medications (also known as glitizones or TZDs) was developed. Their primary mechanism of action is strengthen insulin sensitivity, which results in more glucose being taken up by skeletal muscle. Three medications were enhanced. The first, Rezulin (troglitazone), was taken off the market given that it was suggested to result in liver problems. The second, Avandia (rosiglitazone), was withdrawn from the market in Europe but was allowed under selling restrictions in the US because of an increase in cardiovascular events. 3rd medication, Actos (pioglitazone) had sales suspended in France and Germany because a report suggested it could raise the risk of bladder cancer.

4.) Drugs affecting the incretin system are divided into two subclasses:
a. The first division is formulated from injectable drugs which mimic the effect of natural incretins produced by the body. Medications in this class include Byetta (exenetide), Bydureon (long acting exenatide) Victoza (liraglutide), and Symlin. They work by increasing insulin secretion in reply to glucose (sugar), decreasing the rate at that this liver puts out glucose, decreasing appetite, and by slowing the rate the stomach empties. These medications have become quite popular this is because can help with weight loss, to get an extremely low incidence of hypoglycemia. However, these medications have been in the news because they happen to associated with pancreatitis, and may result in a slight increase in medullary thyroid a malignant tumor.
b. The oral medications in this class work by blocking the enzyme which breaks down the incretins. While regarding natural incretins increases somewhat, these medicines are not as effective as the injectable ones. Medications in this particular class include Januvia (sitagliptin), Onglyza (saxagliptin), and Tradjenta. Very good being observed to take into consideration complications similar to the injectable medications. They very rarely cause hypoglycemia and do not cause weight win. They are all being evaluated regarding any potential cancer hazard.

5.) There are three Alpha Glucosidase Inhibitors: Acarbose (Precose), Miglitol (Glyset), and Voglibose. These work by preventing digestion of carbohydrates your market intestine. By preventing carbohydrates from being converted into simple sugars and absorbed into the blood stream from the intestine, this class of medications can helps keep the blood sugar from rising after meals.

6.) The newest class of medications is the SGLT2 inhibitors, which block absorption of glucose by the help. By increasing the amount of glucose lost through the urine, and decreasing the amount of sugar absorbed back in the blood stream, blood sugar may be minimal. Because none of these medications is approved by the FDA, the names of the medications are omitted from this article.

7.) Insulin should be used for people with type I Diabetes and is often needed for having type 2 Diabetes. There are many types and delivery systems which in order to discussed subsequently.

With a thorough understanding of your type of diabetes, your physician can wade through all the options to decide on the best match for you. More detailed information about each drug class will be provided in subsequent articles here, and smaller website, diabeticsurvivalkit.com. Please visit at really for information about medications, cooking videos featuring diabetic meal and dessert recipes, and current news articles.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *